Professor Anne Agur
Professor Agur completed her MSc and later a PhD degree in anatomy at the University of Toronto. She teaches Clinical Anatomy, Histology, Neuroanatomy and Embryology. She is the current co-editor of “Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy” and a co-author of “Essential Clinical Anatomy” and “Clinically Oriented Anatomy”. She has been a teacher and researcher in the Division for more than 35 years with a primary research interest in clinically applied normal vs pathological structure and function of the musculoskeletal system including joints, musculotendinous architecture, innervation patterns and pain-generating mechanisms and anatomy education
- Keynote Presentation:
Integration of imaging and anatomical digitization techniques to provide an evidence based approach to clinical skills and simulation.
The use of imaging to localize and characterize normal, anomalous and pathological anatomy has been ongoing since the inception of radiographic technology. MRI and CT, in conjunction with their growing number of specialized applications, provide the ability to reconstruct the body systems in 3D using volume renderings. Skeletal muscle modelling has been challenging as the intramuscular volume, consisting of the contractile and connective tissue elements (e.g., aponeuroses), cannot be reconstructed fully using the current imaging techniques. However, by using dissection, digitization and 3D modelling, complete volumetric reconstruction at the fiber bundle level, as in situ, is possible. The technique requires meticulous dissection to ensure that all intramuscular components are translated into Cartesian coordinates upon digitization. Nerves and vessels, both extra- and intramuscular can also be captured. We have scanned, using high resolution MRI and CT, one adult and infant and have partially digitized each. This presentation will focus on how the digitization-3D modelling approach can be used to study landmarking for clinical and surgical procedures in the infant and adult to provide an evidence based approach to clinical skills and simulation.
Professor Marios Loukas
Dr. Loukas currently teaches St. George’s University in the School of Medicine, Department of Anatomical Sciences, and is currently Associate Professor of Anatomy. He is also an adjunct Associate Professor of Anatomy in the Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine.
Professor Loukas received his MD in 2000 from the Warsaw University Medical School, Warsaw, Poland. Following this he earned a PhD in Pathology in 2003 from the Institute of Rheumatology, Department of Pathology, Warsaw, Poland and completed a postdoctoral fellowship position at University Clinic, Department of Internal Medicine, Ulm, Germany (2001-2003). He was also a lecturer and instructor of anatomy, histology and radiology at Harvard Medical School (2000-2007) and held an associate professorship of Anatomy in the American University of the Caribbean.
Dr. Loukas has received several research awards over the course of his career including Best Education Paper for 2007, Herbert M. Stauffer Award, Association of University Radiologists and Award for the best research activity National Congress of Cardiology, Gdansk, Poland. 1999. Teaching awards received include Harvard Medical School Excellence in Tutoring Award 2007, and Keynote Speaker, White Coat Ceremony 2005, American University of the Caribbean.
Dr. Loukas is currently an ad hoc reviewer for many peer reviewed journals and is associate editor for Neuroanatomy and Clinical Anatomy.
- Keynote Presentation:
- Translation research in anatomy - What we have learned so far.
Anatomy continues to be one of the foundation components of medical education for every clinician. Recently, our discipline has emerged in the practice of translational and reverse research, in the areas of gross and clinical anatomy. In our experience as researchers, clinicians and anatomists we have implemented reverse and direct translational research models in various laboratory and clinical settings, as well as across disciplines. This paradigm identifies clinical problems, which are further explored in the anatomy laboratory, with the aid of contemporary and sophisticated modalities in order to investigate and discover new treatment options. The purpose of such research is to improve clinical and surgical outcomes, patient care and health care in general. We will review our 20-year experience with identifying common clinical entities and addressing their feasible solution. In addition, we will correlate translational anatomical research with imaging and ultrasonography.
Professor Brion Benninger
Dr. Benninger is a Professor of Medical Innovation, Technology & Research and Clinical Anatomy. He is the Executive Director of the Medical Anatomy Centre, Western University of Health Sciences, Lebanon, Oregon and faculty of Samaritan Health Services, Corvallis, Oregon. He is the author of several texts and has taught in the medical field in several countries, winning education and innovation awards along the way. He has a lifelong passion for challenging the working terminology between anatomists and clinicians to create a more logical language for communicating health globally
Dr. Benninger is also well known as an inventor and innovator within Medical Education and Simulation, Sports Medicine, Clinical Anatomy and Reverse Translational Research. Among his extensive and varied works, Dr Benninger has been developing and facilitating the use of disruptive innovation with technology for improving the education experience and techniques for Residents, Medical & Dental students, Master and Baccalaureate students for the past 25 years
- Keynote Presentation:
- Anatomy in Innovative Simulation, Ultrasound and Emerging Technologies
Dr Benninger’s work integrates technology and disruptive innovation for both mainstream and cutting edge medicine
Currently, Dr. Benninger is developing and teaching the use of novel ultrasound finger probes for military and civilian healthcare. He is using 3D/4D and transcavity ultrasound probes and developing new screening methods. He is collaborating on an ultrasound certification system and he integrates emerging technologies for students, residents and physicians including robotic haptic sensitive OPUS mini Invasive Medical Skills ultrasound simulator to maintain skills after initially learning the fundamentals.
He was the first to successfully combine Glass with DirectVision urinary cathether by PercuVision - a direct vision urinary catheterization scope – and developed the Sectra Visualisation Table which renders CT/MRI scans from donor cadavers and living patients into 3D images and then applies global illumination to enhance imaging and stereostructural anatomy. By applying this technology for ultrasound and invasive techniques, Sectra provides appropriate transition into clinical skills.
Other notable inventions and developments include:
- the use of miniature micro imaging endoscopes to view breast tissue, nasal cavity, larynx, ear canal and small joints
- a novel and more efficient cardiac resuscitation technique